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Criticism of Bezirgan Piety in Turkish Dervish Yunus Emre
No doubt, it has great importance to examine and study the religious thought system of Yunus Emre, who had great impacts on the Islamization and Turkification of Anatolia and the spread of Yesevi School. Hundreds of articles and tens of books have been written about his religious, mystical, moral, social, cultural, political, historical, scientific, and literary personality. However, as far as we investigated, there has not been any study so far that was conducted on the criticism of worshiping God with the understanding of tradesmen and merchants, the expectation of vineyards and gardens in the paradise, houris and gilmans, and the fear and anxiety of the hellfire. In this respect, the criticism of serving to God made with the understanding of being a merchant in Risaletu’n-Nushiye and Divan, which consist of different copies and editions of Yunus Emre, was examined in the present study. In this context, the study had an authentic design and is an original study offering new contributions to the field. As a result of this study, in which the literature review method was employed, it was found that Yunus Emre denied the understanding of piety that lacked essence, divine love, sincerity, and sincerity of the Sufis and the people of the apparent sharia, the religious attitudes, which remained only in shape and mere appearance, based on the demand for heaven and the fear of hell, the interest and profit of the self, and on the contrary, it was found that serving to God, which stemmed from pure love and respect, was prioritized.

Keywords: Yunus Emre, Heaven, Hell, Bezirgan Piety, Criticism

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