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Abstract


Views of Ghazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk on the International Affairs under the Light of an Historical Interview through the Second World War
The first critical and grand transformation pertaining to the wars as historical phenomena that had started to influence the back yard of the trenches had taken place during the years of the First World War. During the interwar period, despite the fact that short periods of tranquility had been exercised, the suspicions around the efficacy of this memory had continued. During the 1920s and 1930s, the relatively successful efforts to keep the balance of peaceful relations under the League of Nations and a few pacts and protocols had not been capable of supplying the long-term achievements. Therefore, the main discussions around the disarmament had started to make the main headlines in a very rapid way. During these years, a bunch of invasions including the Japanese occupation of Manchuria to the invasion of Abyssinia by Italian forces and the Disarmament Conferences at Geneve and Paris in 1932 and 1933 around the question of defining the attacks had constituted the main agenda of the 1930s. This study takes on the main themes which emerged through the interview of American journalist Gladys Baker with Ghazi Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as the founder and the first president of Republic of Turkey. By applying to the primary and secondary sources covering the newspapers and the journals, the study aspired to approach to the interview from the angle of foreign policy based upon the principles of peace taken by young republic of Turkey within a larger framework.

Keywords
Gladys BAKER, Disarmament Conferences, League of Nations, Turkish Foreign Policy



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