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Abstract


A Comparison of The Understanding of Kut in Turks and The Sacred Belief of The King in Mesopotamia
Management and belief, two abstract concepts since the early ages of humanity, have been thought together throughout the ancient history. After the beginning of settled life, all societies whose main production was agriculture or nomadic animal husbandry made government a part of the belief. The rulers, who are at the top of the society, tried to make others obey themselves by using the devotion to the gods or gods that people believed in. The rulers ensured the obedience of those who were not under their rule with the sword, and the loyalty of those they ruled with the holiness that the gods claimed to give them. While the claim that the rulers were chosen by the gods was symbolized by the understanding of Kut in the ancient Turkish societies, it was believed that in Mesopotamia, the kings gained divinity with their divine closeness. Despite the different lifestyles of both communities, the claim to holiness as a part of the government is quite similar. With this concept, which is defined as the divine originated political sovereignty today, the loyalty of those ruled in both societies for millennia has been achieved. The understanding of divine-based political sovereignty which did work as long as it brought order and wealth to the society and kept chaos away, has slowly disappeared in the last century. This study basically aimed to explain how the god-based concept of political sovereignty developed in Ancient Turkish societies and Mesopotamia. The basic problematic of the study is to seek an answer to the reason why the similarities of the origins of the divine election of the rulers, despite the differences in life between these two communities. In the study, the Orkhon inscriptions, one of the oldest written texts of the Turks, and the cuneiform records in Mesopotamia were used as basic reference sources.

Keywords
Old Turks, Mesopotamia, Kut, Orhun Inscriptions.



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