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Abstract


Komnenos Dönemi Bizans ve Song Dönemi Çin'in Göçebe Komşuları İle Diplomasilerinin Karşılaştırması
This paper compares the Byzantine and Chinese diplomacy towards their nomadic neighbors during the Komnenos Dynasty of Byzantine Empire and the Song Dynasty of China which roughly correspond to a similar time span on the two edges of Asia. Both empires were in many ways displaying similar attitudes and ideologies concerning their age-long nomadic rivals. However, during this period the Song dynasty displayed a different approach compared to the previous dynasties and the Byzantine Empire. The diplomacy of the Song Dynasty with its Khitan, Jurchen and Tangut neighbors differed from the previous dynasties. The Komnenos dynasty on the other hand, had a more flexible diplomacy with its Turkick nomadic neighbors which allowed it to survive longer. This study compares the two differing approaches of these dynasties to their nomadic neighbors taking into account the different political and military situations they faced. The reasons for the rigidity of Song policy vis-a-vis the flexibility of Byzantine policy is compared under the light of the ideological and religious challenges faced by these two empires and their nomadic neighbors.

Keywords
Komnenos Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Byzantine Empire, Khitans, Jurchens



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