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Abstract


Shades of Black in Fuzûlî’s Divan
Fuzûlî is one of the first poets that comes to mind in Divan Literature. Power in his poetry has impressed the other poets, whom after then him, and continues to impress. Fuzûlî, a poet of love and suffering, has quite a wide world of dreams. He made use of almost all colors while describing his emotions, thoughts and dreams; however, however, he used some colors more than the others. Red, black and green colors stand out more than the other ones in Fuzûlî Divanı. But of these three colors, it is noteworthy that the color “black” was used the most. The poet sometimes appeals to his lover's happiness, which is darkened with her suffering, and sometimes he refers to the black smoke coming out of his lung burning with pain. It is seen that the color black is always dominant in the couplets in which the poet tells about his bad condition as a result of his suffering and pain. The poet had a life full of suffering under the influence of the environment in which he was born and raised. He had a difficult life because he did not see the value and reputation he deserved. Having written his poems in such a mood, Fuzûlî's point of view on the world is also full of pessimism and despair. This mood also reflected to the subjects he worked on in his poems and the colors he chose. The reason why red, which is the color of love and anguish, and black, which is the color of a pessimistic mood, are used more than other colors in Fuzûlî's poems can be explained in this way. In this study, the Fuzûlî Divanı was examined and the black and black-like colored elements in his poems were determined. What features and how Fuzûlî used the black colored elements were revealed and evaluations were made on them.

Keywords
Divan Poetry, Fuzûlî, Fuzûlî’s Divan, black.



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