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Abstract


An Ottoman Police Officer in The Triangle of Appointment, Promotion and Exportation
The Ottoman police organization experienced many changes and transformations from the first establishment in 1845 to the fall of the empire. Organization and its employees, continued their duties under various names and structures, during the reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II they took their place in the state and public life in a modern and very close style to the present especially since the 1880s. Ali Rıza Efendi, who is the subject of this study, is one of the first members of the organization in question in the countryside. It was an extremely active social and professional life. Especially in every phase of the professional life, which shows a continuous decrease and rise, it contains many interesting things that will follow and understand the development line of the Ottoman police. This study aims to present sections of the social life of the Ottoman police with the interesting points of attention in the light of the documents obtained from the Ottoman Archive. For the transfer of the presentation in a clearer image, the legal regulations of the period were referred to the political developments, in other words, what effect they had on the development and transformation of the Ottoman police force. In this way, some details were shared on how the appointment, promotion, dismissal and registry procedures of the Ottoman police were carried out, and which official correspondence was carried out at that point, in a process devoid of regulations and where the police-policemen (zaptiye) distinction could not be clearly revealed, but important steps were taken to ensure it.

Keywords
Ottoman, Police, Ali Rıza Efendi, Assignment, Promotion, Dismissal.



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