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Abstract


Germany’s Initiations Of Causing A Revolt In Eastern Caucasia During The World War I And Emir Aslan Han Hoyski
After a short period of time Ottoman Empire went to the World War I, ‘cihad-ı ekber’ has been declared by Sultan-Caliph with the demand of Germany as well. This situation was a great opportunity for Germany that was making plans of causing a revolt in the world of Islam against their enemies and striking at the allied powers especially England in their colonies. Germany which made the idea of Jihad become a tool of politics and propaganda was in the process of preparations for plans so as to encourage Islamic fanaticism and direct Muslims’ rage upon enemies. Within the context of the aforementioned plans and propagandas, all the Islamic world went into action including Afghanistan, India and Egypt. Caucasia was a part of the plan and causing a revolt in Caucasia was a ‘worthy desire’. In order to cause a revolt in Caucasian publics against Russia, Germany was making use of every opportunity. One of those historical opportunities was ‘Genceli Emir Aslan Han Hoyski’ who claimed to have been a member of the organization called Dîfai established in Azerbaijan. Emir Aslan who passed the border towards the end of 1914, said that he was going to start the revolution fire in the Eastern Caucasia and mentioned that he was in preparation for a great revolt. In accordance with this plan, he was offering an alliance for the Ottoman Empire and making some demands for the Congress of Germany in Erzurum.

Keywords
Ottoman Empire, Germany, Erzurum, Emir Aslan, Eastern Caucasia.



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