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Abstract


Different Shapes of Arabic and Persian Words in Turkish Texts
Turkish language uses the words of three languages belonging to Altai, Indian and Sami language family. While creating their texts, transcriptors adapt some of these words to their own sound and syllable structure of the words, and leave some words uncertain/problematic by writing them in different ways because there is no consensus on the spelling of words. The task of ensuring sound harmony in transcription of texts belongs to the researchers who should be aware of these problems. In the classification of different forms of words, the upper headings are determined to the letters at the beginning of the word, the letters in the middle or the letters at the end, to diacritical marks and to relationships between letters. Sub-headings are determined according to the sound changes in Turkish, syllable structures and characteristic features of accents. The sample words presented are taken from thirteen copies of seven different works. It consists of Persian words, Arabic words and a total of about 650 words entered into Turkish from these languages. The aim of this research is to present the voice changes that can help in solving that foreign word when the problem word comes up, and to ensure that the word is correctly placed in the dictionary/index.

Keywords
Persian words, Arabic words, transcription, sound change



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