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Abstract


Western Literature in Ateşten Gömlek
Halide Edip Adıvar has the opportunity to learn the values of Western culture in Üsküdar American College which she started in 1893/1894. Thus, she sees the similarities between a British, a French, an American and an Anatolian Turk in the context of universal human values and reflects them in her works. One of these works is Ateşten Gömlek. Halide Edip uses the works and concepts which belong to Western literature in Ateşten Gömlek. One of these works is Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish And Other Poems. In Ateşten Gömlek, Halide Edip explains the emotion of Peyami by using the characters in Longfellow’s work. The person who Peyami saw in the dream when he was typhoid is likened to the ghost in Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt. The mouth of Ayşe is depicted using an analogy made by Oscar Wilde for the mouth. The link between İhsan, Ayşe and the National Struggle is indicated by Andersen's Tin Soldier. In addition, the drivers in the National Struggle read the novels of Xiver de Montepin in their spare time. These works belonging to Western literature are not only mentioned, but there are also similarities between the people and events in these works and the people and events taking place in Ateşten Gömlek. In this study the works of the Western writers mentioned above and the way they are reflected to Ateşten Gömlek are examined.

Keywords
Halide Edip Adıvar, Western Literature, Turkish Novel, Ateşten Gömlek



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