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Abstract


Problems and Solutions of the Foundations in Diyarbekir Province (1742 - 1751)
In this study, intervention problems on Diyarbakır province foundations’ assets by foundation managers and state officials, and also problems between the trustees and the employees are examined which includes 1742-1751 period. Various kinds of documents like; transcribed archival documents, the inspection and functioning documents and documents including problem solving methods of the Diyarbakır foundations were used to show the importance of foundations by the state. Functions of the foundations in the Ottoman Empire were not different from the other Islamic states. It was also determined that there were struggles and precautions which aim to prevent the foundations from losing their functions in different periods. Sensitive studies which were carried out by state on foundations were examined to designate their impacts and quantity in state records. We tried to reveal the importance given to the foundations, which were legal institutions in Ottoman State, by examining the problem solving methods of foundations in the light of archive documents.

Keywords
Diyarbakır, Foundation, Complaint, Judgment, Kadi (Judge)



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