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Abstract


Famines in Ordu District (1891-1911)
At the end of the 19th century, Ordu, a district of Trabzon province, had a population of around 100,000. In this district where the basic economy is based on agriculture, famines occurred at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. These shortages were observed in 1891, 1895, 1902-1905 and 1910-1911. The people of the region, affected by famines, went through troubled periods. Especially during these years of scarcity, there was a decrease in corn production, an important agricultural product of the region. In order to meet the needs of the inhabitants, the administrators demanded to ban the export of corn grown in the region. The state had to think about the general economy on the one hand while trying to solve the problems of the people of the region. For this reason, requests for the prohibition of export of corn were often rejected. However, it was tried to be distributed to the ones who need it for grains and to provide loans in line with the available means. In this study, the famine and social and economic problems caused by the famine in Ordu in the mentioned years are discussed.

Keywords
Ordu district, Famine, Drought, Corn Production.



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