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Abstract


On Metalepsis
Metalepsis is a term originated in ancient legal discourse and integrated into narrative theory by Gérard Genette to describe crossovers between narrative levels. Defined as “any intrusion by the extradiegetic narrator or narratee into the diegetic universe (or by the diegetic characters into a metadiegetic universe, etc.) or the inverse” by Genette, metalepsis has gained popularity in recent years due to its extensive usage in postmodern fiction and popular culture. Since Genette’s definition, various typologies of metalepsis have been devised by narratologists and literary scholars such as Monika Fludernik, Marie-Laure Ryan, Dorrit Cohn, Klaus Meyer-Minnemann, Sabine Schlickers etc. As a narrative tool which challenges the hierarchical organization and violates the boundaries between levels, metalepsis can have different effects and functions depending on the contexts in which it occurs. In this paper the definition and origin of metalepsis, different typologies of metalepsis (Genette, Ryan, Fludernik, Cohn, Meyer-Minnemann and Schlickers, Bell and Alber), functions and postmodern usages of metalepsis will be discussed respectively.

Keywords
metalepsis, metonymy, narrative levels, postmodern fiction



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