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Abstract


A Traditional Erzurum Houses: Yasar İkizler House
Traditional houses that reflect cultural history of Erzurum have an important place in the city. The physical environment, building material, climate conditions, economic structure and traditions that shaped the Anatolian home architecture have also been the determinants of the characteristics of Erzurum houses. Yasar Ikizler House, located in the Yakutiye District, Rabiaana 1st Çesme Street and 12435 Ada 2, represents a daily example of a traditional and partially preserved Erzurum houses. According to the inscription on the ground inside the tandouri house, it was built in 1309 H 1891 AD. The interior part reflects a scheme that is customized with Anatolian house architecture with Erzurum houses, with interior sofas, courtyards, tandouri house and two storeys design. In the scheme of the house, there are indoor courtyard, tandouri house, harem room on the lower floor and two rooms and sofa on the upper floor. The house garden, barn, and warehouse sections of the house which were later divided by internal structure, were also affected by this change. Reflecting the typical structural characteristics of Erzurum houses, Yaşar Ikizler House is rich in stone and wood decoration. The stone carvings with object and vegetative decoration, the ceiling, flowerpot, cabinet and doors reflect the stylistic features of the period. Considering decoration, S and C curled leaves, floral, rosette motifs, as well as simple geometric shapes are followed by compositions of late baroque extensions that blend with local characteristics.

Keywords
Erzurum Houses, Traditional architecture, stone carving, tandouri house, baroque.



Adres :Atatürk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü 25240 Erzurum
Telefon :+90 442 231 13 66 /+90 442 231 11 19 Faks :
Eposta :turkiyat@atauni.edu.tr

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