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Abstract


Crime in Bitola in the Announcement of the Second Constitution
Since 1878 crime records in the Ottoman Empire informed ethnic identities of perpetrators and victims, where they lived, the type of crime along with where, how, when and why the crime was committed. The crime records of Bitola kept in 1908 investigated in this study are important in periodical and regional terms because Macedonia was the main stage of the expansionist policies followed by both European and Balkan states and since the last quarter of the 19th century various ethnic groups, especially Bulgarians, involved in gang activities to fulfill their regional desires. The region, therefore, was undergoing a politically delicate situation. Besides, it was the home of the Young Turks movement whose members fought for the survival of the Ottoman Empire. Under these circumstances The Second Constitution was seen promising by not only the Muslims but the other ethnic minorities as well since the minorities thought they could easily speak about their demands. Accordingly, the crime records of Bitola give valuable and detailed information not only about types of crime committed, but also about bandit activities and methods in the region. Besides, compared to the earlier periods, these records also reveal that bandit activities in the region decreased after the announcement of the Second Constitution.

Keywords
Macedonia, The Ottoman Empire, The Second Constitution, Crime, Bandit, Public Order



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