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Abstract


The Struggle Between the Ottoman and The English in The WW-I and the Reports Mark Sykes Sent From Yemen
The Middle East is a geography where the borders are currently changing and the western scholars are naming. Behind what is happening in this geography today lies evidently the historical background. The point of reference to understand what is happening in the current Middle East is the historical events. Yemen is one of the very old states of the Middle East, which was a scene of struggle between the Ottoman state and Western states. Even if the existence of the Turks in Yemen is earlier, it is widely known that for only the late 400 years Yemen has lived with the Ottoman State. Especially post-1871 is the turning point of intertwine because England, which took part of Yemen judicially a land of the ottoman empire in 1839, became neighbor to Yemen in 1914 when they had an agreement with the Ottoman state. Indeed, when the WWI broke out, the challenge for domination in Yemen reached its zenith. With the dynamism the war brought and the support of the local people, the ottoman-Turkish army having a successful fight against the English put the presence of the English in peril in Yemen. The alarming advance made the English take precautions and send its most successful diplomats to the region. Mark Sykes, during the WWI, was in Yemen in 1915 and drew attention of his superiors to Yemen by means of the reports he sent. The present study examines the developments in Yemen front in the light of archival documents and the reports of Sykes. 

Keywords
Mark Sykes, Middle East, The Ottoman Empire, United Kingdom, World War I, Yemen.



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